A law enacted to protect victims from damage caused by defects in their products.
It is a law that makes the obligation of indemnifying the person who manufactured or processed the goods to the life or the body damage caused by the defect of the goods or property damage.
This is to protect the victims, raise the awareness of the stability of the people’s lives and the safety of the products and improve the competitiveness of enterprises.
It describes defects in manufacture, design, display, definition of terms such as manufacturer, liability and solidarity responsibility for products, reasons for exemption and statute of limitations. The main contents are as follows:
The term manufactured goods used in the law means any manufactured or processed personal property including any other movable property or a part of real property. Any person who has to compensate for life, body or property damage caused by defects in the manufacture, design or indication of a product is a person who manufactures, processes, or imports the product, or who signs himself or herself as a manufacturer or mistake it as a manufacturer. If the manufacturer is not known, the supplier is also liable for damages.
In the event that the manufacturer fails to supply the product or the presence of a defect at the level of science or technology at the time of the supply of the product, the deficiency of the product is the result of complying with the standards established by the laws and regulations at the time the manufacturer supplied the product. In the case of proving such fact, the liability for damages can be avoided. If there are two or more persons who are liable to compensate for the same damages, they shall be jointly and severally liable.
Any special agreement that excludes or restricts the manufacturer’s liability under the Product Liability Act shall be null and void and the limitation of the claim shall be limited to three years from the date of the loss and the manufacturer. It consists of Article 8 and Appendix.
The legislation of product liability laws in each country is as follows.
In the United States, it was established by precedent since 1960, and the United Kingdom enacted it in May 1987 and implemented in March 1988. Germany enacted it in December 1989 and enforced in January 1990, and China enacted it in February 1993 and implemented in September 1993. Japan enacted it in June 1994 and enforced in July 1995, and Korea enacted it in July 2002 and implemented two years and six months after enactment of the law in January 2000.
The PL method is the greatest assumption that a defect in the product caused physical or property damage. As I have mentioned in the example, if it hurt hand due to the sharpness of the PCB by inserting the graphics card, it can see it as the damage of the body. If it tries to smoke with the lighter and suddenly burn the tie due to excessive fire,
As seen in the above example, the most basic premise of PL law is that it has to suffer damage to body or property. Let’s say that I entered the graphics card and was hurt by the sharpness of the corner of the PCB, and the company was judged based on the P.L. First of all, because of the sharpness of the edge of the PCB, the writer (consumer) is scarred, which is contrary to the PL method and is truly a design flaw. In designing, consumers should not be harmed because they suffered from design flaws. First, what is a defect? The combination we often think of is the product’s fault.
In other words, if the vendor fails to show the characteristics of the specified product, it uses the word defect. If a person buys an MP3 player that supports USB and the USB port is not compatible with computer, it often says it is defective. However, defects in the PL method have other meanings and have a broader meaning. First, considering the characteristics of the product, the type of usage expected, and the timing of delivering the product, it is considered defective if the consumer does not provide the expected safety. If a user drills a wall and cracks on the wall during curing, it is considered to be a defect because it does not consider the stability of the user in making the drill. These defects are largely divided into three categories, namely, design defects, manufacturing defects, and defects due to lack of warning indication.